We all know that China has a lot of interesting province and district to visit. One of the interesting places to visit is The City of Beijing. Beijing is the most visited place by tourists in China. Most of the tourists that visit China provinces to see their architecture and the history of their dynasties. The Great City of Beijing was established thousands of years ago. It was known as Jin City back in Western Zhou Dynasty and played such a big role in North of China when Qin Dynasty’s Emperor united China in 221BC, Beijing was the capital city for Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties. During the prime age of The Great City of Beijing, this city served 34 Emperors that lived and rule in the city for more than 800 years. So let’s see what This Great City has to offer to the tourists.
1.The Great Wall Of China
The Great Wall of China is basically a giant wall act as fortification. This Wall crosses several provinces and cities, including Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, and Liaoning. The length of this wall is 21,196 kilometers and the average height of the wall is six to seven meters. Besides, the tallest part of the wall is around 14 meters and the remaining of The Great Wall of China today is built in the Ming Dynasty. The Wall took 2000 years to be completed and more than one million lives were involved in building this wall. The purpose of building this wall was to protect from the foreign invaders and the mongols. Besides that, It is also used for border controls
- The Summer Palace
This Summer Palace is a beautiful luxury palace in Beijing. This palace has beautiful gardens, lakes and landscape to enjoy. The scenery in the palace is very eye catching. This palace was constructed in 1750 for the birthday ceremony of Emperor Qianlong’s mother, with the original name being ‘Qingyi Garden’ In 1869, the palace was destroyed by fire and was reconstructed by Empress Dowager Cixi. This palace is divided into four parts which is court area, the front area of Longevity hills, Kunming lake, and the rear area of longevity hills. UNESCO reported Summer Palace is “a masterpiece of Chinese landscape garden design”.
- The Temple of Heaven
The Temple of Heaven is one of the best preserved temples in China. This Temple served for being the imperial temple for the MIng and Qing Dynasties. The Emperors will come to this temple to worship God of Heaven and good harvest. Besides that, The Emperor and the imperial family will come to this temple for annual ceremony. This temple was built by the order of Emperor Yongle. This temple is built without a single nail and completely wooden. This temple is 600 years of age but the original structure was burned in 1889 due to lightning strike.
- Forbidden City
The Forbidden City is an imperial palace that served for over 500 years from The Ming Dynasty till the end of The Qing Dynasty. This City is basically a small city that served as the Imperial’s household, ceremonial complex, and political centre for 500 years. This small city consists of 980 buildings and covers up to 72 acres. This Forbidden City was constructed in 1406 and completed in 1420. This palace has a traditional Chinese palatial architecture. UNESCO lists this palace as the largest collection of preserved ancient wooden structure in the world.
- The Niujie Mosque
The Niujie Mosque is the biggest mosque in Beijing. This mosque is one of the most important mosques in China. It is located in Xicheng district and this mosque covers 1.5 acres of area. This mosque was built in 996 during the rule of Liao Dynasty and reconstructed for enlargement the area during The Qing Dynasty by Emperor Kangxi. This mosque is divided into five areas which is Muslim hall, Moon house, Minaret building, Tablet pavilion and bath room. This mosque is facing Mecca. The architecture of this mosque is very unique where you can see the chinese style at the outside and arabic style in the inside. Sadly, this mosque was destroyed by the army of Genghis Khan in 1215. It is reconstructed in 1443 during the reign of The Ming Dynasty.