It’s inevitable to immediately think of the Great Pyramids of Giza when one talks about Egypt. Located on the outskirts of Cairo, the Giza pyramid complex includes six pyramids, the Great Sphinx, Tomb of Queen Khentkaus I and cemeteries among others.
Planning a visit to this historical site? We prepared a guide before you pack your bags!
When to go
The pyramid complex is open all year long, but the best time to visit is between October and February, when the temperature is mild. Sandstorm may strike between March and May, while the weather gets really hot in the summer between June and September.
The official opening time is from 8 am to 5 pm, but do note that their opening hours may vary especially around Ramadan period. Make a phone call or check with your hotel staff before heading out.
What to bring
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Water! Remember that Egypt is hot and the pyramid complex is a huge open space, so always stay hydrated. In the event that you run out, there are people selling water in the area.
What to wear
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Master the art of combining practicality and cultural sensitivity when you’re here. Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country, which means most people dress conservatively and traditional clothing is typical. While it is not required for travellers to do the same, respecting the local culture and norm goes a long way.
Dress comfortably when you’re exploring the pyramids! Wearing a headscarf is not required for female non-Muslim tourists, and it’s not uncommon either seeing locals without it. A t-shirt and trousers would do just fine. Pair them with comfortable shoes or sandals since you’ll be doing a lot of walking.
What to see
1. Great Pyramid of Khufu
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One of the Seven Wonders of Ancient World and the last one standing, Pyramid of Giza, also known as Pyramid of Khufu, is the oldest and the largest pyramid in the Giza pyramid complex. The pyramid is made up of the King’s Chamber, Queen’s Chamber and the Grand Gallery, all can be accessed through the narrow passageway.
2. The Great Sphinx
Once called the “Horus of the Horizon”, meaning the sun god above the horizon, the Great Sphinx is the oldest and longest stone sculpture from the Old Kingdom. The face of this limestone statue of a mythical creature with the head of a human and the body of a lion is said to resemble the Pharaoh Khafre, who reigned Egypt in the 4th dynasty.
3. Tomb of Queen Khentkaus I
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Khentkaus I, who was a queen of the ancient Egypt during the 4th dynasty, was buried in Giza. Nicknamed “Mother of a Dual King”, her true identity remains a mystery although many theories have been made about her, including one that she never ruled Egypt after all. Her tomb can be found in Central Field, near the valley temple of Menkaure.
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